Apart from honey, bees also make a substance called propolis. They collect the sap on needle-leaved trees or evergreens and then combine this with beeswax and their own discharge.
Propolis is used by the bees as a sealant in the walls of their hive to protect against bacterial, viral and fungal infestation.
Propolis has a very long history of medicinal use, dating back as far as 350 BC. Greeks used it to treat abscesses, Assyrians used it to heal wounds and tumours and the Egyptians used it in their embalming process.
Today propolis has proven antibiotic and antiseptic properties and is used in the manufacture of chewing gum, cosmetics, creams, lozenges and ointments and is being investigated as a dental sealant and tooth enamel hardener.
Use it as a topical treatment for uncomplicated wounds and as a gargle for sores and irritations in the mouth and throat. It is useful in the treatment of fighting infections, boosting the immune system, healing genital herpes and cold sores, treating skin injuries and helping the mouth heal after dental surgery.
Mix 10 drops into a little bit of honey and swallow once every day, this will enhance your immune system for the winter. In case of flu, double the dosage.
Propolis and Allergies: If you have known allergies to bees, bee stings, bee products such as honey, or allergies to conifers, poplars, balsams, and/or salicylates, DO NOT USE PROPOLIS